Few designers have had a greater impact on decorating trends than the pair of Charles and Ray-Bernice Eames, whose innovative concepts and creations have helped lay the foundations of modern contemporary retro furniture.
From their marriage in 1941 to the death of Charles Eams in 1977, the couple worked together on a wide range of innovative modernist projects, from architecture and design to photography, exhibitions and even filmmaking. Their documentary “Power of Ten” was selected by the Library of Congress to remain on the National Film Registry.
One of their most famous collaborative projects was the Ims House, built in 1941 as part of a case study conducted by the journal Art and Architecture. The house, which was built by hand in a matter of days using only prefabricated steel parts originally intended for industrial construction, is recognized as one of the landmarks in modernist architecture.
But while Charles and Ray Eames have won recognition in the fields of art and architecture, their most enduring legacy is the design and creation of truly modern furniture. Their work is inspired by a design philosophy based on a combination of timeliness and functionality; According to Charles Eams, “recognition of necessity is the most important criterion for conception.”
For more than 40 years, the couple have worked to meet the need for versatile, attractive and high-quality furniture that can be quickly and easily produced en masse to make it available to the average consumer. Many of their most famous projects focused on the design of chairs whose shape and shape matched the human body, providing comfort without the use of pillows and padding.
Created in 1946, the Eames chair made of shaped plywood was one of their first developments. The unique combination of style, comfort and functionality made it irreplaceable, and a thoughtful manufacturing process made it affordable. Many variations, inspired by the shaped Eames plywood chair, are still being produced, and the chair remains a classic in the modern retro furniture design.
After the appearance of the chair from the molded plywood, Eames continued to develop molded seats, innovatively using stamped aluminum and wire mesh, as well as experimenting with new materials. Their goal of creating a chair with a comfortable one-piece body without padding and padding was achieved in the 1950s in the production of plastic, fiberglass-reinforced plastic casings. Lightweight, versatile and affordable, molded plastic chair has become a standard of design, and today there are many production options.
One of The most famous models of Eams is a rotating seat for rest with a suitable footrest. The Eames armchair with a molded plywood body and deep leather cushions on a wide and stable hinge base has a sleek but enveloping style that provides maximum comfort. Charles Eames said he wanted the chair to be a “refuge from the stresses of modern life” and this classic design has been produced for more than half a century.